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Important Facts You Need to Know About Supreme Court Cases

Supreme Court Cases

What is the United States Supreme Court?

The United State Supreme Court is the highest and most prestigious court in the nation. Judgments or rulings in the Supreme Court cannot be subsequently reviewed by other judiciary systems. As a result of this characteristic, all decisions rendered in Supreme Court Cases are final.

The Supreme Court of the United States possesses ultimate appellate jurisdiction over all State and Federal courts within the country. In addition, the Supreme Court of the United States possesses original jurisdiction, albeit over a limited range of cases.

The Supreme Court meets in Washington, D.C. and is composed of a Chief Justice and eight Associated Justices, who are each nominated by the President of the United States and subsequently confirmed by the U.S. Senate.

Once appointed, each Justice will maintain lifetime tenure unless the individual is removed following an impeachment order handed down by the House of Representatives. The impeachment must also be affirmed by the U.S. Senate.

Types of Supreme Court Cases

The Supreme Court of the United States is headed by the Chief Justice. In addition to the Chief Justice, there are eight Supreme Court Justices who are responsible for evaluating Supreme Court Cases. Each Supreme Court Justice is appointed by the President of the United States and subsequently affirmed by the U.S. Senate.

The primary responsibility of a Supreme Court Justice is to evaluate Supreme Court Cases. All Supreme Court Cases are matters of appeal, meaning the particular legal matters were already decided in the lower court system. In addition to this characteristic, the majority of Supreme Court Cases are aligned with the United States Constitution or State Constitutions.

Supreme Court Cases are any legal matters adopted through an evaluation process conducted by the underlying Supreme Court Justice by the Supreme Court to review a particular matter that questions or deals with provisions latent in a Constitution.

In the United States, there are two dominant types of legal systems: the Federal system and the particular State systems. Although each system differs based on local statute and State Constitutions, the Supreme Court is the dominant court system that is responsible for evaluating all appeals (legal matters that were previously rendered in the lower courts) that primarily question or deal with a Constitution, either the Constitution of the United States or State Constitutions.

Famous Supreme Court Cases

As stated before, all Supreme Court Cases are enshrouded in legal matters that question or infringe upon the rights and liberties latent in the United States Constitution or individual State Constitutions.

The Constitution of the United States, whether in a Federal or local sense, is the dominating legal foundation that harmonizes society and provides the framework for individual liberties and for the limitation of Government powers. As a result, Supreme Court Cases evaluate the foundation of America’s legal system.

The following Supreme Court Cases are regarded as landmark, for they effectively altered society in their ability to reform provisions latent in the Constitution:

Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)

Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)

Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier (1988)

Korematsu v. United States (1944)

Mapp v. Ohio (1961)

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

New Jersey v. T.L.O. (1985)

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

Roe v. Wade (1973)

Texas v. Johnson (1989)

Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)

United States v. Nixon (1974).

NEXT: Supreme Court Justices Revealed

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